Royal Enfield and Clément
Clément, Gladiator and Humber-France
Adolphe Clément was born in 1855.
In 1876 he began to participate in cycling races and set up a small bicycle factory.
He decided to move to Paris and in 1880 he established a bicycle factory on Rue Brunel under the brand name "Clément".
This company was successful and soon he had 150 workers working on the production of his bicycles.
In 1889 he visited the Bicycle Exhibition in London and witnessed a demonstration of the Dunlop tyre.
One of his companions advised him to secure the production rights of this new invention for France. Adolphe was rather hesitant, but eventually he was persuaded. The Dunlop tyre was a great success and was sold in fantastic numbers in France: Clément soon became a millionaire.
He formed an enormous bicycle factory by combining the companies of Clément, Gladiator and Humber-France.
From 1895 on he began concentrating on motorized vehicles: first tricycles, four-wheelers and cars and in 1902 he came successfully on the field of motorized bicycles with a small engine of 125cc.
As early as the 1890s British investors had acquired an important financial interest in the Clément, Gladiator and Humber-France conglomerate, which was operated under the trade name "Clediaber".
In October 1903 it was announced that Adolphe Clément had sold his share in the Clément-Gladiator company; from that moment on the company was completely controlled by the British investors.
After 1905, the production of motorcycles slowed down for a number of years, but towards the end of 1911 new models were introduced that generated a great deal of interest.
Lightweight v-twins became increasingly popular in Great Britain, especially the Royal Enfields powered by Motosacoche were very popular.
Clediaber decided to release 2, the 2¾ HP and 4 HP Clément and Gladiator V-twins that were designed according to British lines and were more luxurious than the average French motorcycle. The new Cléments were very successful in races.
A remarkable achievement was the victory in the 350 cc class of the French Grand Prix of 1913.
The race was won by Greame Fenton, an Englishman who lived in France for many years, because his father was a manager of the Clément-Gladiator company.
Fenton was faster than some of the 500 cc machines, but lost the chain from its high speed gear 5 miles before the finish.
He took the lead in low gear, which still gave him a top speed of 45 mph.
This graceful and well-designed machine is equipped with a practical Enfield two-speed gearbox, Enfield cycle parts and Motosacoche engine. It is also equipped with Moto HG. 7 saddle and Bosch magneto.